Non-Technical

From one satellite to 104 satellites (Cartosat-2D) : Historic Achievement by ISRO

From one satellite to 104 satellites : Historic Achievement by ISRO

It is Bharat once again maid a historic achievement, Our scientists at ISRO proved to the world that the world just can not ignore Bharat. Bharat is emerging, Bharat will soon become Vishwa Guru again. Going further let us understand how the journey was since our first satellite launch to till date.

Carrying satellite on bicycle and Bullock Cart

Carrying satellite on bicycle and Bullock Cart

The picture speaks a lot you can read more about here http://knowledge-cess.com/journey-towards-space-isro/ We started lifting satellites on bicycle and bullock cart, it is really an inspiring to read about our scientists. Placing a satellite on its orbit is not an easy job we have achieved it many times and we have achieved it in unique way.

Frugal Engineering : ISRO’s key to success

Bharat always lacking behind in space exploration not because of talent but because of budget and I am not saying that Bharat is not so rich to spend on it. We are capable both talent wise and budget wise, but our previous government was not so keen about this and hence our scientists were helpless. 

Despite government’s less support ISRO has done remarkable job, it is possible because the way ISRO is working. Frugal Engineering is the key to success for ISRO to achieve the best with a less budget. I will explain it in simple way, NASA will prepare atleast 4-5 test samples and then will launch the final satellite, which cost more for all test launches, but ISRO tries all possible way by simulating it and then analyzing every possibilities then trying with a final launch. It is possible only because we have best minds, who can analyse, who can calculate everything without even doing a prototyping and without even real testing

Aryabhata India’s First Satellite to Cartosat-2D 104 satellites at once

It was in April 1975 Bharat launched first Satellite as an experiment and for learning all the basics of satellite launch, Active technological experience in building and operating a satellite system. India’s first satellite. It is not the weight it is carrying matters here because smaller satellites will make it possible but satellites have to be stacked all together with specific settings so that they can be released in their orbits without affecting the flights of others or colliding with each other. This is where ISRO has done a remarkable job and a great engineering innovations.

Aryabhata was a kind of experimental launch but cartosat-2D carried 104 satellite at once, it took decades of hardwork and dedication. It was a continuous learning for our scientists.

PSLV-C37 - Cartosat-2D ISRO 104 satellites

PSLV-C37 – Cartosat-2D ISRO 104 satellites

 

Innovative Approach Used By ISRO To Separate 104 Satellites

Imagine packing up your bag for your journey ! uff wasn’t it challenging to keep most of your items all in one bag? Despite we do hundreds of journey, every time when we travel we spend enough time to pack our stuffs. Common this is not a joke here we are packing 104 satellites in one launch vehicle. And it is not just packing the satellites but releasing satellites in a specific order, with precision in time is most important otherwise they collide with each other. So ISRO has done a remarkable job here, packing 104 satellites? yeah they have done it through an innovative approach.

At the Sriharikota High Altitude Range (SHAR) at the Satish Dhawan Space Centre (SDSC),ISRO used adapters such as Multiple Satellite Adapter (MSA) and Payload Adapter (PLA) were used along with six custom made adapters to house the satellites. The primary payload was mounted on the PLA, Some of the custom made adapters allowed multiple tier attachments of satellites. A few nanosatellites were even housed in the Vehicle Equipment Bay,which normally only contains the systems for ground communications, and functions as the “brain” of the launch vehicle.

Managing the separation events of the satellites, satellites would have to be released after the launch vehicle lost contact with the Isro Telemetry, Tracking and Command Network (ISTRAC) tracking station at Mauritius, and before establishing contact with the Troll station in Antartica. 

The stage to which the satellites were attached had a complex maneuvering program, along with a sequence and timing for the satellite separation events. Isro engineers conducted detailed studies to ensure that the 105 objects, including a PSLV stage, would not collide after separation. Isro had to track 5460 pairs of objects

The separation of satellites, a very complex task in the mission was accomplished using a complex electrical wiring scheme, Any error in the wiring scheme would mean that the wrong satellite would be separated at the wrong time, potentially leading to collisions between the satellites.

 

The on board camera video shows how Satellites were injected into orbit 

 

Read more about ISRO : http://knowledge-cess.com/journey-towards-space-isro/

Read more about ISRO : http://knowledge-cess.com/reaching-the-red-planet-mom-isros-successful-mission/

Research For Resurgence : Bhārata Is Changing

Research For Resurgence : Bhārata Is Changing

I remembered a conversation happened between me and my friend long ago, may be 7-8 years back. We were discussing about establishing a research centre in Bhārata, it happened during our morning walk when we were discussing about some out of the box ideas.

I am happy today because the life has given me an opportunity to work for one such great research foundation. I must say that Bhārata is changing, something really great is about to happen in near future, soon Bhārata will once again emerge as “Vishwa Guru”.

Let me elaborate what is changing and what is Research For Resurgence Foundation. RFRF is an ambitious project started by  Bharatiya Shikshana Mandala, a non profit organisation working to bring Bharatiyata in Bharatiya Education. Great minds at Bharatiya Shikshana Mandala while doing brainstorming session, the discussion gave an insight on research works happening within the nation. It is then organisation felt the importance of research work and started discussing with eminent researchers, scientists, academicians.

Several such discussions , workshops started giving a very good shape and more clarity on what is need to be done. Research For Resurgence Foundation has been started with a great vision. Research has no boundary, any one can do a research, in fact most of the inventions happened either accidentally or  because of the necessity. As we all know necessity is the mother of invention.

So far in Bhārata research quality has gone really low, research is being done for the sake of better jobs, but a true research is not that, something unbelievable has to be done to call it as a research. Another important aspect the organisation considering is , the research should be socially relevant and it is not mandatory to have a qualification to do any research. Even a farmer who has done something different for his necessity and wish to explore something new, even he will get an opportunity to do a research, we call them as Non-Formal-Researchers

What is Research For Resurgence (RFRF) ?

   RFRF is an idea of Bharatiya Shikshana Mandal which creates a platform for such research ideas which are socially relevant and imbibe ‘Bharatiya Integrated Perspective’. If any one of you who does’t have any qualifying degree but you have any crazy idea which might look impossible then you have a great opportunity to get associated with Bharatiya Shikashana Mandal.

RFRF will bring a great platform for researchers, you will be getting guidance from eminent researchers,scientists and also funding for your research work if its really a great idea and has a social relevance.

RFRF International Conference :

 Bharatiya Shikashan Mandal organised an international conference on Research For Resurgence at VNIT Nagpur, where a total of 728 scholars from Bharat and 9 other countries, 68 universities from 15 states including 17 central institutes. Participation of 24 industrial houses and organisations including TATASONS,CEAT,RPG,MIDC,MADC,FICCI,CII made involvement. The conference was graced by the attendance of 55 Vice Chancellors and heads of National Authorities in the field of educational such as NAAC,AICTE,NCTE.

Noted economist S Gurumurthy said “Prejudiced mindset of the intellectuals about Bharat and everything that is Bharateeya proved fatal for innovation”.

Bharata Emerging As Vishwa Guru Again

Ancient Bharata was a glorious Bharata, we knew that our Past was wonderful but it is the time to prove it and bring it back to the present. Swami Vivekananda Said Bharata is a Vishwa Guru, Bharat has talented minds but every Bharatiya should work towards bringing back that glorious Bharat again, in this journey the research will play a vital role and RFRF is opening a door for the bright future .

Structure Of Research For Resurgence Foundation 

RFRF has various departments and centers as following.

  • Fundamental Research Center
  • Technology Demonstration Park
  • Industry Interaction and Incubation Center
  • Agricultural and Forestry Research Center
  • Educational Research Center
  • International Collaboration Center
  • Intellectual Property Right Center
  • Collegium and Conventions Center 
  • Training and Capacity Building Center
  • Socio-Economic-Policy Research Center
  • Yoga and Health Center
  • Knowledge Resource Center
  • Publication House
  • Project Monitoring and Evaluation Division
  • Administration
  • Finance And Accounts
  • Research Scholar home and Facilitation Center

The proposed Activity Distribution targeting four R’s as given below

Research-Researchers-Resources-Reach

Research-Researchers-Resources-Reach

 

NOTE:

You can go through the RFRF brochure (Click Here), and those who has any great Idea please Visit Bharatiya Shikshan Mandal Website(Click here) and propose your idea.

 

Mind blowing facts about Sanskrit : Learn Sanskrit

Mind blowing facts about Sanskrit : Learn Sanskrit

This post is just to list out some mind blowing facts about the most scientific language, an ancient root Sanskrit

  1. Sanskrit has the highest number of vocabularies than any other language in the world. • 102 arab 78 crore 50 lakh words have been used till now in Sanskrit. If it will be used in computers & technology, then more these number of words will be used in next 100 years.
  2. Sanskrit has the power to say a sentence in a minimum number of words than any other language
  3. Sanskrit is the best computer friendly language.(Ref: Forbes Magazine July 1987).
  4. Sanskrit is a highly regularized language. In fact, NASA declared it to be the “only unambiguous spoken language on the planet” – and very suitable for computer comprehension
  5. There is a report by a NASA scientist that America is creating 6th and 7th generation super computers based on Sanskrit language. Project deadline is 2025 for 6th generation and 2034 for 7th generation computer.
  6. The language is rich in most advanced science, contained in their books called Vedas, Upanishads, Shruti, Smriti, Puranas, Mahabharata, Ramayana etc. (Ref: Russian State University, NASA etc. NASA possesses 60,000 palm leaf manuscripts, which they are studying.)
  7. Research has shown that the phonetics of this language has roots in various energy points of the body and reading, speaking or reciting Sanskrit stimulates these points and raises the energy levels, whereby resistance against illnesses, relaxation to mind and reduction of stress are achieved. •Sanskrit is the only language, which uses all the nerves of the tongue. By its pronunciation, energy points in the body are activated that causes the blood circulation to improve. This, coupled with the enhanced brain functioning and higher energy levels, ensures better health. Blood Pressure, diabetes, cholesterol etc. are controlled. (Ref: American Hindu University after constant study)

  8. Sanskrit is the primordial conduit between Human Thought and the Soul; Physics and Metaphysics; Subtle and Gross; Culture and Art; Nature and its Author; Created and the Creator.

    Youtube Channel for Learning Sanskrit

    Learning Vibhakti in Sanskrit : Start point – https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQ5oNpr1XhOQr-owlfbLUW40y1vl4h8_n

    Learning Sanskrit through Yoga : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aYFmpuPS2X8&list=PLmozlYyYE-EQ0677VLtnYa3oKbYklofiN

    Learning Sanskrit through Tinantaprakriya : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pN2nnb4KTMs&list=PLmozlYyYE-ESsTZC0uG3rallpDePEzctb

Learning Sanskrit from home: Youtube Channel for Sanskrit Classes

Learning Sanskrit from home:Youtube Channel for Sanskrit Classes

I have already posted several articles about mobile application for learning sanskrit. Some times, some people might feel uncomfortable with mobile because of screen size or any other reason. I have found several wonderful videos in youtube and the author of those mobile apps is same for these youtube videos.

Find several series of classes to learn sanskrit through youtube videos. The author has done wonderful job, they are teaching sanskrit basics with series of classes on Vibhakti and most importantly they are teaching sanskrit through Yoga  and Tinantaprakriya . These videos helps you to learn sanskrit from home.

Youtube Channel for Learning Sanskrit

Learning Vibhakti in Sanskrit : Start point – https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQ5oNpr1XhOQr-owlfbLUW40y1vl4h8_n

Learning Sanskrit through Yoga : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aYFmpuPS2X8&list=PLmozlYyYE-EQ0677VLtnYa3oKbYklofiN

Learning Sanskrit through Tinantaprakriya : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pN2nnb4KTMs&list=PLmozlYyYE-ESsTZC0uG3rallpDePEzctb

Learning Sanskrit from home: The Best Mobile app for Learning Sanskrit

Learning Sanskrit from home: The Best Mobile app for Learning Sanskrit

After investigating a lot finally I figured out one of the best mobile app for learning sanskrit. I have my own analysis for saying this as Best Mobile app, let me explain about it, Vyoma Linguistic Labs has released series of mobile applications and each mobile application has a rich content, innovative techniques of learning sanskrit, most importantly the content is framed keeping value based education in mind. The sanskrit learning apps helps you to learn sanskrit at home.

Android and iOS Mobile application for Learning Sanskrit : For Beginners 

As I already explained in my previous post : For beginners we have an app to learn sanskrit वर्णमाला  (varnamala)

Android and iOS mobile application for Learning Sanskrit : For Kids

If you are interested to teach Sanskrit for your kid then the best way to learn Sanskrit for kids is to start with Rhymes and Stories in Sanskrit. It is really great thinking, Rhymes in Sanskrit helps kids to enjoy the learning and stories will impart values along with learning Sanskrit. Your kid will enjoy this mobile app :

Rhymes, Stories in Sanskrit : (Download link ) https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.vyoma.baalaamodinipremium.kathaah

Android and iOS mobile application for Learning Sanskrit : Good Sayings/Subhashitaas

In this modern age certainly we have forgotten all good sayings, proverbs and subhashitaas. Well learning such good sayings in sanskrit, subhashitaas in sanskrit is really great.

Good Sayings and Subhashitaas in Sanskrit : https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.vyoma.subhashitaani&hl=en

Android and iOS mobile application for Learning Sanskrit : Nursery rhymes in Sanskrit

This is another Mobile application for nursery kids to learn sanskrit, A collection of nursery rhymes in Sanskrit for little ones to join in with. Its a great way to learn sanskrit rhymes

Mobile app for nursery kids for learning sanskrit : (Download Part 1) https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.technegames.Shishugeetaani123

(Download Part 1) https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.technegames.Shishugeetaani2

there are many more mobile application to learn sanskrit in playstore, download all the mobile applications : https://play.google.com/store/apps/developer?id=Vyoma_labs&hl=en

To start with learning sanskrit please check my other posts which helps you to understand from where to start while learning sanskrit : http://knowledge-cess.com/sanskrit-worlds-oldest-language/

Learning Sanskrit from home: Starting Point

Learning Sanskrit from home: Starting Point

To learn any language, we have to start with vowels and consonants, in sanskrit collectively they are called as वर्णमाला  (varnamala). Let me list out all वर्णमाला of sanskrit here.

स्वर (Svara)

अ  आ   इ   ई   उ   ऊ   ऋ   ॠ   लृ   ॡ  ए    ओ  औ  अं  अः

व्यञ्जन (Vyanjana)

कण्ठय Gutturals

 क्

 ख्

 ग्

 घ्

 ङ्

 

तालव्य Palatals

 च्

 छ्

 ज्

 झ्

 ञ्

 

मूर्धन्य Linguals

 ट्

 ठ्

 ड्

 ढ्

 ण्

 

दन्तय Dentals

 त्

 थ्

 द्

 ध्

 न्

 

ओष्ठय Labials

 प्

 फ् 

 ब् 

 भ् 

 म् 

 

अन्तःस्थ Semi Vowel

 य्

 र् 

 ल् 

 व् 

 

 

Sibilant

 श् 

 ष्

 स्

   

 

Aspirate 

 ह्

 

 

In sanskrit the most important thing is the way we pronounce the characters, also there is more to learn about these वर्णमाला (varnamala). 

Pure स्वर (svara) (vowels) in sanskrita are of two types Short Vowels and Long Vowels, and the pure vyanjanas ( consonants ) are represented with a halant symbol  (्) . Still there are lot more to learn about अनुस्वारः (Anusvara) and  विसर्गः (visarga).

So this is the starting point for learning Sanskrit. I request to download following android mobile application which will be the starting point for learning sanskrit. These mobile applications helps you to learn sanskrit at home.

Android and iOS mobile Application for Sanskrit Learning For Beginners

Sanskrit for beginners iOS mobile application: Download – https://itunes.apple.com/us/app/learn-sanskrit-alphabets/id819321366?mt=8

Sanskrit for beginners android mobile application : Download –https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.vyoma.baalaamodinipremium.Varnamala&hl=en

Read More About Sanskrit and download other related mobile applications for sanskrit

Why Sanskrit : http://knowledge-cess.com/sanskrit-worlds-oldest-language/

Starting point for learning sanskrit : http://knowledge-cess.com/learning-sanskrit-starting-point/

Sanskrit a perfect language : http://knowledge-cess.com/sanskrita-vyakarana-separation-distinctionanalysis-explanation/

Sanskrita Vyakarana : separation, distinction,analysis, explanation

Sanskrita Vyakarana : separation, distinction,analysis, explanation

Sanskrit is called as a perfect language, an unambiguous language and hence NASA preferred it for Artificial Intelligence. But why so ? How it is different from any other language in the world? Why it is called as a most scientific language? What is so unique in sanskrit language ?

To answer all the above questions, we have to really look into the vyakarana in sanskrit. Though I don’t have enough knowledge in sanskrit, I am writing these articles after exploring a little bit about sanskrit with the help of few online courses of sanskrit ( Vyoma Linguistic Labs : Learn Sanskrit From home )

Vyakarana in Sanskrit:

In english if I say Read it is a just a word and you can not give any more explanation for that, is there any logic behind formation of this word ? Is there any explanation for the word Read‘ or ‘Reading ? Definitely we don’t have any answer for this question.

In sanskrit there is nothing which has no explanation, there is a logic behind formation of each and every word. Let me take simple example

  1. There is a word पठति in sanskrit, which means Read but as I said above for every word there is an explanation, let us see how this word formed

पठति  = पठ्‌ + + ति 

पठ्‌ – धातुः [अर्थं निर्दिशति]

अ – विकरणप्रत्ययः [गणं निर्दिशति]

ति – तिङ्‌प्रत्ययः [लकारं निर्दिशति] |

2. भ्वादिः (प्रथमः गणः = भू इत्यादयः धातवः; “भवतिइत्यादीनि क्रियापदानि) | यस्य गणस्य आदौ भू-धातुः अस्ति, सः भ्वादिगणः |

विकरण प्रत्ययः शप्‌ → अ

उदाखाद्‌ (खादति), पठ्‌ (पठति), क्रीड्‌ (क्रीडति), वद्‌ (वदति); शुच्‌ (शोचति), वृत्‌ (वर्तते); जि (जयति), स्रु (स्रवति), हृ (हरति)

Hope these simple examples help us to understand how rich the sanskrit language is. All I am trying to tell here is learn sanskrit, we have plenty of online courses, videos, mobile applications but I prefer the following pointers because these mobile apps for sanskrit are really very nice.

Online tutorials For Learning Sanskrit

Sanskrit Learning Online Courses : http://www.sanskritfromhome.in/

Sanskrit Learning YouTube Videos : https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCp5mvCwXR-drTRyzNUUjdZg

Sanskrit Learning Android Mobile Applications : https://play.google.com/store/apps/developer?id=Vyoma_labs&hl=en

For CBSC Students : www.cbsesanskrit.com

Read More about Sanskrit : Interesting Facts About Sanskrit

Sanskrit : World’s Oldest Language

Sanskrit : World’s Oldest Language

Being a Bharatiya, I am proud to write this article on sanskrit, Swami Vivekananda said one day Bharat Mata would be Jagat Guru”, how true it is ! We taught to the world how to speak, we taught to the world how to write, our Vedas,upanishads has references to most of the modern scientific inventions, We knew solar system, galaxies thousands of years ago and what not ?. Every Indian is proud about what our country has given to the world. 

I must say the best thing among all our contribution is sanskrit, There is lot lot to know about sanskrit, I just started learning and I am enjoying. I thought to share my understanding and importance of sanskrit in couple of articles.

How old Sanskrit is ?

Vedic sanskrit is being the oldest, dating back to as early as the early second millennium BCE. This qualifies Rigvedic Sanskrit as the oldest. Classical Sanskrit is the standard register as laid out in the grammar of Pāṇini, around the fourth century BCE. 

Interesting Facts About Sanskrit Language:

  1. Improvements in Concentration Level : learning sanskrit and speaking in sanskrit language improves our concentration level, If we take current generation, our kids has concentration of maximum 3min – 4min. But study has revealed that (an experiment conducted by Vyoma Labs Banglore ) a student learning sanskrit and speaking in sanskrit has gained concentration level upto 15min – 20min.
  2. As Medicine :  Research has proven that probability of Alzheimer disease is less if sanskrit is being used for speaking.
  3. Brain Gym : While speaking in sanskrit our both hemisphere of brain will be used which is a great exercise for your brain ( reference : Brains of verbal memory specialists show anatomical differences in language, memory and visual systems ).
  4. If English language has 25million words, sanskrit has 105million+ words, in fact lots and lots of Vedic scriptures have lost due to many reasons, so we can not give exact number.
  5. Sanskrit is not just a plain language like any other language, it is logical and mathematics involved within it Example : Just see how the words in sanskrit are formed, it is called as vyakarana (व्याकरणम्‌ )
    .
  6. NASA looking at sanskrit for their work on artificial intelligence – (Ref : NASAKnowledge Representation in Sanskrit and Artificial Intelligence )
  7. NASA wish to work with sanskrit scholars – (Ref : http://www.ibtl.in/news/international/1815/nasa-to-echo-sanskrit-in-space-website-confirms-its-mission-sanskrit/ )
  8. There is evidence that Pāṇini’s work in this area influenced modern linguists like de Saussure and Chomsky.

Well the list continues and I am still collecting lot of data on sanskrit, but don’t you think these interesting points motivate you to start learning sanskrit ?

Definitely it is great to find a very good Guru to learn sanskrit, but you can quickly start your learning sanskrit using these mobile apps and video links. Currently I felt these sanskrit learning mobile applications are really great for me to start.

Best Mobile Applications for Learning Sanskrit

Sanskrit Alphabets in Android Mobile : https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.vyoma.baalaamodinipremium.Varnamala&hl=en

Learning Sanskrit Verbs : https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.vyoma.kriyapadaani

Using Sanskrit Vocabulary : https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.vyoma.padajatham&hl=en

Learning Sanskrit for Kids : Stories & Rhymes in Sanskrit – https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.vyoma.baalaamodinipremium.kathaah&hl=en

And there are many more : https://play.google.com/store/apps/developer?id=Vyoma_labs&hl=en

 

History of Airplane : Shivkar Bapuji Talpade

History of Airplane : Indian invented Airplane well before Wright Brothers

Well the history should be rewritten it is not the Wright brothers who invented airplane, airplane was invented in India thousands of years ago and it was Shivkar Bapuji Talpade who actually flown an unmanned airplane in 1895

Inventor of airplane

Inventor of airplane – Shivkar Bapuji Talpade

The True History of Airplane

Shivkar Bapuji Talpade constructed airplane under the guidance Vaimānika Śāstra (वैमानिक शास्त्र) . The knowledge of 

Vaimānika Śāstra was distilled from Rigveda. Talpade stayed in Dukkar Wadi ( now named as Vijay Wadi ) Chira Bazar, Mumbai. He was a scholar in Sanskrit Literature and Vedas. Talpade flown his airplane in 1895 and his plane was named  ad Marutsakhā.

Vaimānika Śāstra (वैमानिक शास्त्र) : Shakuna Vimana

Vaimānika Śāstra (वैमानिक शास्त्र) : Shakuna Vimana

Vaimānika Śāstra (वैमानिक शास्त्र) :

 Maharshi Bharadwaaja attained mastery over the Vedas by studying works of earlier Aachaaryaas, he has presented his knowledge to mankind in his work named ‘Yantrasarvasva’. In the fourtieth chapter he deals with the science of aeronautics. He explained the construction and use of many kinds of aerplanes in 8 chapters, containing 100 subjects heads , comprising 500 sutras.

Bharadwaaja defines the word Vimaana as :

Vega-Saamyaat Vimaano Andajaanaam. Sootra 1

“Owing to similarity of speed with birds, it is named Vimaana.”

Refer : http://upload.vedpuran.net/Uploads/121113the_vimanika_shastra.pdf

A Glipse of Vaimanika Shastra

In ‘Yantrasarvasva‘ it was given as follows, In order to provide electric force to all parts of the vimaana and make them operate smoothly the Shakti-panjara-keela yantra is to be installed.

“Charging of all parts of vimaana with electric current the Shakti-panjara-keela is made as follows.

Steel, crownchika alloy, and iron, in the proportion of 10,8, and 9, to be powdered and filled in crucible and placed in aatapa furnace and heated to 100 degrees and charded with 10 degrees of electric current, will yield Shakti-garbha metal with whcih the yantra is to be made.

Soorya Shaktyapakarshana Yantra or Solar Heat extracting Yantra

  “In order to protect from the cold of the 4 winter months the solar heat storing machine is now explained. The 27th kind of mirror capable of capturing solar heat is to be used in its making.”

It is said in Darpana prakarana: Sphatika or alum, manjula or madder root, sea-foam, sarja salt or nation, sand, mercury, garada or aconite, kishora or wild liquorice, gandhaka or sulphur brimstone, karbura or yellow orpiment, praanakshaara or ammonium chloride, in the proportion of 12, 1, 5, 1, 13, 12, 8, I0, 27, 4, 3, 7, 8, 5, 1. 5, 8, 3, 9, 2, purified, to be filled in antarmukha crucible, placing it in shuka-mukha furnace, and boded. Then pour it into antarmukha yantra or vessel and turn the churning key. When cooled in the mould a fine, light, strong, golden. coloured, solar heat collecting glass will be formed.

Read more interesting Ancient Indian Science and Mathematics

Pythagorean Theorem In Ancient Indian Mathematics : Baudhāyana Sulbasūtra

 

References

http://upload.vedpuran.net/Uploads/121113the_vimanika_shastra.pdf

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vaim%C4%81nika_Sh%C4%81stra

Pythagorean Theorem In Ancient Indian Mathematics : Baudhāyana Sulbasūtra

Pythagorean Theorem  In Ancient Indian Mathematics   : Baudhāyana Sulbasūtra

Many great mathematicians have born in Bharat several thousands of years ago, Ancient Indians invented several theorems in mathematics. Aryabhata the Indian Mathematical Genius lived in (476–550 CE) he worked on approximation of pi(\pi) and concluded that its irrational, he has given the formula for the area of a triangle, he discussed the concept of sine etc.

But I would like to discuss one of the most popular theorem Pythagorean theorem, it is named as Pythagorean theorem but it was proved by Ancient Indian Mathematicians several hundreds of years before even Pythagoras born. Just look into the sutra given below.

Install an android mobile application to learn more such interesting facts : Download 

Baudhāyana Sulbasūtra

दीर्घचतुरश्रस्याक्ष्णया रज्जु: पार्श्र्वमानी तिर्यग् मानी च यत् पृथग् भूते कुरूतस्तदुभयं करोति ॥

dīrghachatursrasyākṣaṇayā rajjuḥ pārśvamānī, tiryagmānī,
cha yatpṛthagbhūte kurutastadubhayāṅ karoti.

इसका अर्थ है, किसी आयात का कर्ण क्षेत्रफल में उतना ही होता है, जितना कि उसकी लम्बाई और चौड़ाई होती है। ” बोधायन ” ने ” शुल्ब-सूत्र ” में यह सिद्धान्त दिया है।

A rope stretched along the length of the diagonal produces an area which the vertical and horizontal sides make together

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