Pythagoras Theorem Explained – Mathemagic with Bawa

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Pythagoras Theorem Explained – Mathemagic with Bawa

Check This : Pythagorean theorem defined by Ancient Indian Mathematicians thousands of years ago.

Ancient Indian Education System

Ancient Indian Education System

The history is awesome every Indian will feel proud if we look back to our history and the future is definitely bright , today we may not be super power nation in the world but the future is definitely will change because the roots are very strong and deep. India is the land where several greatest innovations happened several hundreds of years ago.

We knew mathematics, we derived theorems, we discovered planets, we calculated distance of sun to earth thousands of years ago and also distance between earth and many other planets, yeah many more such facts and figures are there. But how could India was so great? How it was possible to gain such knowledge? The research reveals that our solid education system was the reason for that.

Ancient Education system was a meaningful education system; the idea of education has been very grand, noble and high in ancient India. It aim was “training for completeness of life” and the molding of character of men and women for the battle of life. As quoted by Swami Vivekananda education was for “Man Making and Character Building”. But what were the methodologies of that education? What was so different about it?

Below are few of methodologies of that great education system

Complete Brahmacharya:

Students use to leave their home and stay with Guru in Gurukul until they complete their education. It was like students follow complete Brahmacharya for 18 years until they study all the courses. Students strictly do Yoga every day which was essential for healthy mind and body, Yoga was compulsory for students. Yoga is an effective practice which will develop overall personality of a human. The purpose of yoga was the self realization and ancient Indians had identified that the supreme goal of human life is self realization. Yoga will bring mind into control and those who can control mind can achieve anything.

A student will initiate his Brahmacharya phase through Upanayana. A student will be self discipline and self controlled. All sort of pleasure will be avoided and he must do all the work given by a Guru.

Learning of Vedas:

Vedas plays an important role in ancient education system, there are four vedas. Rigveda contains 1028 hymns and contains 10,522 verses. It teaches stages of life like family life, forest life and renunciation. Yajurveda teaches how to perform sacrifices in life and it has 1,984 verses. Samaveda is study of music, it has 1,875 verses. Atharvaveda is the study of medical sciences and has 5,977 verses.

Vedas teach our culture, the meaning of life, how we should live, what is right and what is wrong. Ultimately it is learning of Karma, learning of dedication. Vedas are the roots of Hindu Religion.

Learning phases in Ancient Indian Education System:

Every student would undergo three phases every day. Every phase has its own importance, though they look simple but they are very effective.


Means listen and understand. One should understand that it is not just hearing, hearing is different and listening is different.


Is reflecting the things we listened (Shravana). It is discussing the truth of opinions. In this especially Guru will raise the questions, students will answer and the point will be discussed in group.


Complete comprehension by the student of the truth that is taught so that he may live the truth and not merely explain it by words. It is the realization of truth.

Adi shankaracharya wrote in 2000BC “Reflection (manana) is hundred times superior to listening (sravana);   meditation (nididhyasana) is hundred times superior to reflection;  nirvikalpaka samadhi is infinitely superior.”

Reference : Link

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Ethics in Education : Every Nation must change

Education :

Swami Vivekananda said ” Education is the manifestation of the perfection already in man”, what kind of perfection a man has within him ? Human mind is an incredible thing, which has an incredible power, but the way we use the talent matters a lot. According to Swami Vivekananda what is perfection ? It has an incredible message , learning should be manifested which means it should be obvious to our mind. If something is obvious to our mind, then we will never forget and we will never leave that throughout our life. Perfection means the ability to address various problems human beings encounter in society. An education which doesn’t help to face the problems, which doesn’t build good character, which doesn’t build the social responsibility within us is not an education. Perfection in human means ethics.

Nelson Mandela said “Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world”, what change it is about ? History always teach us a lesson, a person like Swami Vivekananda,Mandela, Mahatma Gandhi and many more always pointed ethics in education not the science. 

Why Ethics is so important ?

The simplest and best answer for this is to save humanity on planet and which means to save our planet, We humans forgetting that we are spoiling everything. The greedy human losing his control, we destroy everything and every one for the sake of money. 

Education should not be business, the most important objective of education should be to equip the students with ethical values.

“Humans are the only living being who pays to live “, of course we can not say everything is wrong but there is no limit for his act. Ethics in education might bring the change.

What kind of ethics we are talking here ?

According to Rushmore Kidder’s research , we are talking about the following ethics in education

  • Ethics of justice
  • Ethic of Critique
  • Ethic of Care
  • Ethic of profession

Moral Values in Education

The moral values in humans are going away, every generation losing some extent of morality. Rushmore Kidder pointed 5 important moral values

  • Honesty
  • Respect
  • Responsibility
  • Compassion 

The funniest thing is , some has to do research to conclude that ethics is important in education

What I am talking about ? What are all these things ? Really if some one talk all about these, he will become priest, Swami because a normal man can not talk like this in society. The way people look towards you will be totally different when we talk about moral values.Have you ever tried to live your life with all the above ethics ? You will struggle, yes you have to struggle. It is not an easy go. 

Okie how can we change ? 

Let us start first with our profession, if you apply ethics in your profession then slowly you can change yourself and people around you. What is ethics in profession ? If you are a civil engineer, then think before you take the work, think before you start it, because one big project might destroy environmental balance in the future. If you are a government employee then first think about your country, how can you bring change in society? how can you serve your society ? it is not just a government employee but every one must.

But it is very difficult to change ourselves and others after certain age, we should impart ethics in our kids, teach them only about ethics till certain age, teach them how to look after seniors, teach them how to serve the society, teach them how to save our planet, teach them what is good and bad.

John Wesley said  – “Do all the good you can. By all the means you can. In all the ways you can. In all the places you can. At all the times you can. To all the people you can. As long as ever you can.”

There many more things to discuss, students should learn to respect Guru (Teacher), A guru should selflessly teach his Shishya ( Student ) , these days the bounding between Guru-Shishya is going away, there is no respect on guru. Education becoming a business rather than a media to change the society. Many people argue that I am thinking only in one direction, but that is the reality, that is the fact. Dr K. C. Chakrabarty, Deputy Governor, RBI has done enough research on Indian Education System and he pointed the importance of ethics in education.

How can we impart ethics in education?

Keep on educating kids on ethics, talk good , show good and ask them to do good. The best way to induce good qualities in kids is by telling how human destroying the nature, how our freedom fighters struggle for the sake of people, most importantly we should teach kids that we should never give importance to money, we should tell them how money will change human mind and how people do mistakes for the sake of money.

Give less money to your kids, do not give too much comfort life to your kids, teach them to accept difficulties and to overcome from difficulties, because when human face difficulty, he will realise the true meaning of life.

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Guru –

The disciple must worship the Guru as God Himself – Swami Vivekananda                    

Today you are YOU because you met a Guru, He taught you what are ethics, he taught you what are values, he taught you what is justice, science and everything. A Value based education is a gift by a guru, Acquisition of knowledge and skills without acceptable moral values and discipline is meaningless. You know how to lead your life , you know how to face problems in your life, you know what is within you, you are made by your Guru, without a guru you are not you, you are just a body with no moral values. 

Respect your guru, a devine power acting upon you by your guru which will put a light on your life. 

Our Ancient Indian education system was a meaningful education system, Guru-Shishya were having strong bounding, but when English education system introduced by british our education system lost its originality. Today we never see that wonderful relationship between Guru and Shishya. Think for a while what you are today and why you reached this state of your life. 

Guru will show you the right path, according to Swami Vivekananda , The first lamp is the Guru, and the lamp that is lighted from it is the disciple. The Guru must teach me and lead me into light, make me a link in that chain of which he himself is a link. The man in the street cannot claim to be a Guru. The Guru must be a man who has known, has actually realised the Divine truth, has perceived himself as the spirit. A mere talker cannot be the Guru. A talkative fool like me can talk much, but cannot be the Guru. A true Guru will tell the disciple, “Go and sin no more”; and no more can he sin, no more has the person the power to sin.

Swami Vivekananda is the man who realised what a guru is for a disciple, we learn the true meaning of guru if we go by his life , only a guru can transform your life. 

Happy Teachers Day –


A Bird eye on Education System

This article is neither to judge quality of education nor to conclude on any plans or steps that have been taken by Government of India(GOI) to improve the literacy rate in the country.

The purpose of this article is just to provide certain facts and I would like to leave analysis of these facts to reader. Report on your analysis is welcomed through comments; do share your thoughts related to this article. All the data is collected from the reports which have been published by Government of India for public domain.

India is struggling with many issues, issues with respect to caste, religion, politics, languages , the mindset of people across the country varies a lot with respect to all the above factors. Despite of being such a diverse society, I would say India has achieved and reached many milestones in every sector. Considering education sector for this article, let us see what the report says.

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Achievements during 11th Five-year plan period

The result of 2011 census reveals that despite an impressive decadal increase of 9.2 percent points in literacy, national literacy levels have risen to no more than 74.0 percent (from 64.8 percent in 2001) Only 15 States/Union Territories, namely Kerala, Lakshadweep, Mizoram, Tripura, Goa, Daman & Diu, Puducherry, Chandigarh, Delhi, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Himachal Pradesh, Maharashtra, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu and Nagaland could achieve 80 percent or above literacy rate.

The 2011 Census has shown that female literacy has increased much more than male literacy. While male literacy rate increased by 6.86 percent 279 points from 75.26 percent in 2001 to 82.14 in 2011, the female literacy increased by 11.79 percent points from 53.67 to 65.46 percent during the same period. Thus, by the end of the 11th Five Year Plan in 2012, the three Plan Targets would not have been achieved: overall literacy rate being short by five percent points.

Increase in literacy between 2001-2011 at National level:

There has been a substantial progress in literacy with the planned intervention and sustained effort from 64.83 per cent in 2001 to 74.04 per cent in 2011, an increase of 9.21 percentage points.


Sakshar Bharat

The Prime Minister launched Saakshar Bharat, a centrally sponsored scheme of Department of School Education and Literacy (DSEL), Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD), Government of India (GOI), on the International Literacy Day, 8th September, 2009.

Despite significant accomplishments of the Mission, illiteracy continues to be an area of national concern. 2001 census had revealed that there were still 259.52 million illiterate adults (in the age group of15 +) in the country.

Fund utilization and capacity building to achieve the milestone in education

During the financial year 2011-12, a total amount of Rs.488.50 crores was provided for Sakshar Bharat programme as Central share. An amount of Rs.429 crores was released till December 2011 to State Level Mission Authorities (SLMAs). A total of 1098.33 crores was released by NLMA to SLMAs during the last three years.

Government is keep trying and funding to increase the literacy rate within the country, in this process government has moved from SSA(Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan) Program to RTE ( Right to Education ).

RTE-SSA Financial Allocation

The Governmentn of India approved an outlay of Rs 71,000 crore for SSA in the 11th Five year plan. Considering the increased requirements, ,the Government of India approved an outlay Rs 2,31,233 crore for the combined RTE-SSA programme. This increased outlay was for a five year period from 2010-11 to 2014-15 to be shared between the Center and the State on a 65:35 ratio (90:10 for North Eastern States). The Finance Ministry allotted Rs 25,555 crore for the RTE-SSA programme for 2012-13. Just check the report chart below, government has spent 19,103,22cr upto January 2012.


Considering all the facts, percentile of literacy between 2001 – 20011, a 10 year period, the amount of money spent on it, the results may not be satisfactory, the reason is that focusing only on spending and opening schools doesn’t give the expected result, but focusing and executing the program towards quality education does bring the change. The path towards achieving really quality education is not an easy, more and more educated people has to come front to bring the change, it is not just the effort of government.

Interesting way of explaining Pythagoras Theorem

Pythagoras Theorem Explained – Mathemagic with Bawa

Sources of data

An yearly report