Journey towards Space – ISRO

                    

The most wonderful and most mysterious thing in the Universe is the Universe itself. No one can say exactly how it started its journey, when it came into existence. Thousands of people from several thousands years trying to understand what exactly it is, though it is mysterious the god has given an incredible gift to human, yeah that is mind. Human mind is next mysterious thing in this Universe, Human mind is capable to reveal the secret behind the Universe and its existence. Every nation is in a race to do something for the first time when it comes to revealing something about Universe, but human first look towards the moon and in late 50’s and 60’s humans started exploring the Universe and ofcourse the Moon first.

America and Soviet Russia were in competition to reach the Moon first. It was Americans who landed first on the Moon, ofcourse they are proud to say about it, but being an Indian I am proud to say that all the knowledge of Universe, planets is given by Indians several thousands of years ago. Sadly from past few centuries Bharat was unable to do great inventions, innovations due to many reasons, but no doubt those glorious ancient days will come soon.

Inspite of many hurdles Bharat struggled and succeeded to come out from all the difficulties and started its space programme in 60’s. It was successful because we had dedicated scientists who worked very hard to achieve the planned missions.

 Prof Vikram Sarabhai who lead the team of ISRO in 60’s , a very energetic leader and under his able leadership Bharat started its journey towards reaching the space. Then dedicated, enthusiastic scientists like A P J Kalam joined the group of pioneers.

 I wanted tell how our scientists worked dedicatedly to achieve the best thing in space programme even after facing hardest hurdles. A picture is worth a thousands words. So I just wanted to post images here which will tell the story of our journey towards space.

A P J Kalam working on Rocket payload at Thumba in 1964

A P J Kalam working on rocket payload
A P J Kalam working on rocket payload

Rocket parts carried by Bullock carts 

 

Rocket parts carried by Bullock carts
Rocket parts carried by Bullock carts

Scientists transporting rocket parts on a bicycle 

Scientists transporting rocket parts on a bicycle
Scientists transporting rocket parts on a bicycle

Our scientists using muscle power to lift a rocket

Our scientists using muscle power to lift a rocket
Our scientists using muscle power to lift a rocket

These images tell the story and shows how our scientists enthusiastically worked even though there were no facilities, but they were determined to achieve the mission.

 Look where we are today? We reached Moon; We are about to reach Mars in a unique way. Our Mars mission is very unique, we used a best technique called “frugal engineering” to cut the cost. I will explain it in simple way, NASA will prepare atleast 4-5 test samples and then will launch the final satellite, which cost more for all test launches, but ISRO tries all possible way by simulating it and then analyzing every possibilities then trying with a final launch. It is possible only because we have best minds, who can analyse, who can calculate everything without even doing a prototyping and without even real testing.

 I call every young Indian, get inspired by people like A P J Kalama, Vikram Sarabhai and look towards core sciences, Do something for the nation; we are born to serve the nation.

 I am happy that we are reaching Mars in couple of days, Let us wait and say proudly that we are one among those who reached Red Planet.

It is not so easy to cross the orbit of earth and put our satellite outside earth orbit. Every minute calculation matters a lot, every small part will be very sensitive.

How important to consider every minute thing in such a mission ? Let us consider few facts from the history which shows the sensitivity of such missions.

Why some missions failed:

Bad timing: Though the Russian Kosmos 419 (1971) reached Earth’s orbit, it never reached Mars’ orbit because of a wrong ignition time setting. Instead of being set for 1.5 hours after launch, it was accidentally set for 1.5 years after launch. The spacecraft soon re-entered Earth’s orbit and disintegrated.

Faulty software: Bad mathematics may not kill you, but they can kill spacecraft! NASA’s Mars Climate Orbiter (1998) disintegrated because at one instance, its software used the wrong units (pounds, instead of Newtons). This caused the spacecraft to be placed too close to Mars where atmospheric stresses destroyed it.

Mars orbiter failure : Microsoft’s Research

Software Stability – How The Mars Path finder mission failed just because of improper setting of thread priority. ( http://research.microsoft.com/en-us/um/people/mbj/Mars_Pathfinder/Mars_Pathfinder.html )

Solar flares and fuel shortage: The communication systems of Japan’s Nozomi orbiter (1998) were disrupted by powerful solar flares. It also damaged the heat control system causing the fuel to freeze. It was unable to attain Mars orbit and operation was terminated.

Nobody really knows: Just three days away from Mars, all communication was suddenly lost with NASA’s Mars Observer (1992). For months, scientists could not explain what became of the spacecraft, but investigations finally concluded that a fuel and gas leak had probably sent the spacecraft into an uncontrollable spin damaging critical electrical circuits.

A journey To Mars –

This small video clip will give clear picture on how a satellite will reach Mars

http://www.jpl.nasa.gov/video/index.php?id=1038

Update – http://knowledge-cess.com/reaching-the-red-planet-mom-isros-successful-mission/

Dr K Radhakrishnan Chairman of ISRO  Interviewed – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ALPKTEitvrg&list=PLVOgwA_DiGzqMeD9X9LnC9SINtosOgE5W

Independence Day – Bharat

~~~~~~~~~~~~~                   Happy Independence Day             ~~~~~~~~~~~~~  

I remember my childhood days , I use to ask my dad to help me to prepare a speech for independence day, I use to prepare myself to give a nice speech on Aug 15th

Those moments are memorable , the interest within us to prepare for speech, the enthusiasm within us to keep everything ready for the day, our white colour uniform, a small flag on our chest , getting up early and going to school and helping workers to keep everything ready for the flag hosting.

I still remember how our teachers use to tell stories of our struggle to get independence, stories of Bhagat Singh, Mahatma Gandhi, Subhashchandra Bose and many more. I might have missed those days , but I never missed flag hosting ceremony , even while working I always tried to visit my native and celebrate our independence day as a school boy 🙂

Today I wanted to give my message to every one and hence posting this article here. 

We are celebrating 68th independence day , its been 67 years that british left our country and we became independent. If we look back to history and think about freedom struggle and sacrifices of our freedom fighters we feel heaviness in our heart, we will feel resentful (angry), we can’t express our emotions, some of you may cry, some of you may become speechless. We lost our wealth , we lost our culture , we lost our unity, we lost our values. Bharat is a land of inventions, Bharat is origin of civilization , Bharat is the land where a language and a script is invented first time ever on the planet, but later things got changed just within few hundred years because of british rule.

That was about the past , but the present of Bharat is showing a rays of hope , future is getting clear to every one . The journey of post independence was very challenging , we have faced every challenge, we have overcome from most of the problems. Inspite of all the challenges our country has achieved great, we have shown the world what is the capability of our nation. We reached Moon, Mars in a unique way, We have shown the strength of military to the world, we have 4th largest and strongest military power in the world, We have shown our capability in technology and science. We are unique in science and technology, today most of the Indians are leading most of the big MNC companies in the world. Sundar Pichai in Google, Satya Nadella in Microsoft, Indira Nooyi in Pepsico,Shantanu Narayen in Adobe, Sanjay Kumar Jha in Motorola now in Global Foundries and many more.  

The word’s most powerful countries are looking towards Bharat, we are strong enough to beat every one in many aspects. Everything is great and I am proud to say about the glorious vision of our nation, but My concern is our culture, my concern is about values , my concern is about education system of our country, my concern is about our language, my concern is about our patriotism, my concern is about unity within us. Even if we don’t reach moon that is perfectly OK, but unity within us, a value based education are primary focus.

I feel somewhere we are loosing the track in that manner, Education system in our nation became a business rather than becoming a value based education as said by Swami Vivekananda. According to me we are complete if we are able to get back to our glorious ancient Bharat. We should reconstruct our education system first, We should bring back our solid gurukula system back , our ancient Bharatiya education system was awesome, it was a meaningful education. Today our kids love to talk in english than our own language, today our kids talk more about hollywood movies and other fascinating stuff rather than talking about our freedom fighters, somewhere we are losing values and losing our track in this materialistic life. 

Lal Bahadur Shastri ji said “ The preservation of freedom, is not the task of soldiers alone… The whole nation has to be strong.” Being a software engineer , I use to ask myself always, what I am giving back to my nation? Am I developing something great for my nation ? 8 hours in a day we use to work for foreign clients, weekends most of you spend time in shopping malls, in theaters to watch Hollywood movies. I really respect government workers, some of them might be corrupt but at least they are working for our own people. 

I read somewhere that in ancient Indian education system Gurukula, the Guru and Students together use to do innovative activities, a bridge somewhere near Vishakapatnam was constructed by Guru and students thousands of years ago and still it is in great conditions. That was the bounding between Guru and Shishya but today we hardly see respect towards a guru . According to me a perfect education system is the one which we teach humanity first rather than science and technology, a perfect education system is the one which teach ethics of every profession. 

A Civil engineer must consider an environmental consideration first before constructing a building, he should not construct if its harmful to the Eco system. An electrical engineer must consider what he can do best to the nation, constructing a huge dam to generate power may not be a good idea than establishing a huge solar power station. a computer science engineer must think first about the nation and make things better by giving something great to our nation. In every profession one must be ethical , one must think about our planet first, our nation first, our system first. Earning money should not be a primary concern, but that is not happening in today’s world. For everything money is the biggest factor which change the human mind, which spoil everything.

Swami Vivekananda had said, “The education which does not help the common mass of people to equip themselves for the struggle for life, which does not bring out strength of character, a spirit of philanthropy, and the courage of a lion – Is it worth the name ? ”.  We should work to achieve this and get back our glorious ancient Bharat. You might earn hell lot of money, you might have your own big house, car everything which gives you a luxurious life , but nothing you will take with you at the end, we should first think about giving something back to our nation, that is responsibility of every countrymen .

Let us think for a while and bring change within us on this wonderful day, let us start thinking about every problem what our nation is facing today and try to find a best possible solution and implement it to solve it. Let us think about the future of our nation and work together to achieve it. You make a group within your friends, discuss about our country, take necessary steps to correct the system, bring awareness within people, within your family members, within your friends. Read about Ancient India and spread the facts and story of our nation.

Country has given everything to us, Ask yourself What you have given back to country ? 

“ The preservation of freedom, is not the task of soldiers alone… The whole nation has to be strong.”
- Lal Bahadur Shastri                         

A Bird eye on Education System

This article is neither to judge quality of education nor to conclude on any plans or steps that have been taken by Government of India(GOI) to improve the literacy rate in the country.

The purpose of this article is just to provide certain facts and I would like to leave analysis of these facts to reader. Report on your analysis is welcomed through comments; do share your thoughts related to this article. All the data is collected from the reports which have been published by Government of India for public domain.

India is struggling with many issues, issues with respect to caste, religion, politics, languages , the mindset of people across the country varies a lot with respect to all the above factors. Despite of being such a diverse society, I would say India has achieved and reached many milestones in every sector. Considering education sector for this article, let us see what the report says.

Find out best realtime examples, interesting facts on concepts and all the formulas. The best mobile application for 10+ students (PUC I and II year students)

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Android Mobile Application for 10+ students
Android Mobile Application for 10+ students

Achievements during 11th Five-year plan period

The result of 2011 census reveals that despite an impressive decadal increase of 9.2 percent points in literacy, national literacy levels have risen to no more than 74.0 percent (from 64.8 percent in 2001) Only 15 States/Union Territories, namely Kerala, Lakshadweep, Mizoram, Tripura, Goa, Daman & Diu, Puducherry, Chandigarh, Delhi, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Himachal Pradesh, Maharashtra, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu and Nagaland could achieve 80 percent or above literacy rate.

The 2011 Census has shown that female literacy has increased much more than male literacy. While male literacy rate increased by 6.86 percent 279 points from 75.26 percent in 2001 to 82.14 in 2011, the female literacy increased by 11.79 percent points from 53.67 to 65.46 percent during the same period. Thus, by the end of the 11th Five Year Plan in 2012, the three Plan Targets would not have been achieved: overall literacy rate being short by five percent points.

Increase in literacy between 2001-2011 at National level:

There has been a substantial progress in literacy with the planned intervention and sustained effort from 64.83 per cent in 2001 to 74.04 per cent in 2011, an increase of 9.21 percentage points.

edu

Sakshar Bharat

The Prime Minister launched Saakshar Bharat, a centrally sponsored scheme of Department of School Education and Literacy (DSEL), Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD), Government of India (GOI), on the International Literacy Day, 8th September, 2009.

Despite significant accomplishments of the Mission, illiteracy continues to be an area of national concern. 2001 census had revealed that there were still 259.52 million illiterate adults (in the age group of15 +) in the country.

Fund utilization and capacity building to achieve the milestone in education

During the financial year 2011-12, a total amount of Rs.488.50 crores was provided for Sakshar Bharat programme as Central share. An amount of Rs.429 crores was released till December 2011 to State Level Mission Authorities (SLMAs). A total of 1098.33 crores was released by NLMA to SLMAs during the last three years.

Government is keep trying and funding to increase the literacy rate within the country, in this process government has moved from SSA(Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan) Program to RTE ( Right to Education ).

RTE-SSA Financial Allocation

The Governmentn of India approved an outlay of Rs 71,000 crore for SSA in the 11th Five year plan. Considering the increased requirements, ,the Government of India approved an outlay Rs 2,31,233 crore for the combined RTE-SSA programme. This increased outlay was for a five year period from 2010-11 to 2014-15 to be shared between the Center and the State on a 65:35 ratio (90:10 for North Eastern States). The Finance Ministry allotted Rs 25,555 crore for the RTE-SSA programme for 2012-13. Just check the report chart below, government has spent 19,103,22cr upto January 2012.

incrores

Considering all the facts, percentile of literacy between 2001 – 20011, a 10 year period, the amount of money spent on it, the results may not be satisfactory, the reason is that focusing only on spending and opening schools doesn’t give the expected result, but focusing and executing the program towards quality education does bring the change. The path towards achieving really quality education is not an easy, more and more educated people has to come front to bring the change, it is not just the effort of government.

Interesting way of explaining Pythagoras Theorem

Pythagoras Theorem Explained – Mathemagic with Bawa

Sources of data

http://mhrd.gov.in/sites/upload_files/mhrd/files/RPE_2011-12.pdf

http://saaksharbharat.nic.in/saaksharbharat/homePage

http://ssa.nic.in/

An yearly report

http://mhrd.gov.in/documents/term/140