ReactJS

ReactJS : Functional or Stateless components

ReactJS : Functional or Stateless components

Many times you might come across a situation where React Component doesn’t need any state, which we call as stateless components. Thanks to React0.14 update, It introduced new types of react components with no state. 

React Stateless components are very much needed when the components is readonly doesn’t perform any operation other than just showing information.

How to Write React Functional component ?

React Functional Component Example: for stateless react component or a functional react component

const MessageBar = function(props) {
  return <p>Dear {props.username} you have completed the task successfully</p>;
};

The same component can nicely be written in one line using ES2015 standard as follows

const MessageBar = ({ username }) => <p>Dear {username} user, you have successfully completed the task</p>;

 

Conceptually components are like javascript functions here, they accept inputs as props, and return react elements. Functional components wherever required will also reduce load on redux since it is not required to maintain state for these components.

For more information on React functional components visit facebook react official site 

Check Advantages of React Functional Components

Also Check How to integrated Google Maps in reactJS : http://knowledge-cess.com/reactjs-google-map-component/

 

ReactJS: Google Map Component

ReactJS: Google Map Component

Steps to implement google maps in Facebook’s ReactJS Web Application

1. Add npm module in your project for react-google-maps

npm install --save react-google-maps # or
yarn add react-google-maps

 

Reference : https://github.com/tomchentw/react-google-maps

Before this you have to include google maps api sdk in your index.ejs file 

<script src=”https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/js?v=3.27&libraries=places,geometry&key=<YOUR_API_KEY>”></script>

How to get Google Maps Api Key ? 

Follow the steps given in this link

2. Create Google Map Handler Component

'use strict';

import React from 'react';
import { connect } from 'react-redux';
import { bindActionCreators } from 'redux';
import update from 'react-addons-update';

import canUseDOM from 'can-use-dom';

import raf from 'raf';
import GoogleMapComponent from './gMapComponent';

const geolocation = (
  canUseDOM &amp;&amp; navigator.geolocation ?
  navigator.geolocation :
  ({
    getCurrentPosition(success, failure) {
      failure('Your browser doesnt support geolocation.');
    },
  })
);

class GoogleMapHandlerComponent extends React.Component {

    state = {
      bounds: null,
      center: null,
      content: null,
      radius: 400,
      markers: []
    };

  constructor(props) {
    super(props);
    if (props !== null &amp;&amp;
        props !== undefined &amp;&amp;
        props.location !== null &amp;&amp;
        props.location !== undefined &amp;&amp;
        props.location.markers !== null &amp;&amp;
        props.location.markers !== undefined) {
      const locationInfo = {
        center: props.location.center,
        markers: props.location.markers
      };
      this.state = locationInfo;
    }
  }

  componentDidMount() {
    const tick = () =&gt; {
      if (this.isUnmounted) {
        return;
      }
      this.setState({ radius: Math.max(this.state.radius - 5, 0) });
      if (this.state.radius &gt; 10) {
        raf(tick);
      }
    };
    geolocation.getCurrentPosition((position) =&gt; {
      if (this.isUnmounted) {
        return;
      }
      this.setState({
        center: {
          lat: position.coords.latitude,
          lng: position.coords.longitude,
        },
        content: 'Location found using HTML5.',
      });

      raf(tick);
    }, (reason) =&gt; {
      if (this.isUnmounted) {
        return;
      }
      this.setState({
        center: {
          lat: 60,
          lng: 105,
        },
        content: 'Error: The Geolocation service failed (${reason}).',
      });
    });

    if (document.getElementsByClassName('pac-container').length &gt; 0) {
      const gmapSearchResultsBox = document.getElementsByClassName('pac-container')[0];
      gmapSearchResultsBox.style.zIndex = '2000';
    }
  }

  componentWillReceiveProps(nextProps) {
    if (nextProps !== null &amp;&amp;
        nextProps !== undefined &amp;&amp;
        nextProps.location !== null &amp;&amp;
        nextProps.location !== undefined &amp;&amp;
        nextProps.location.markers !== null &amp;&amp;
        nextProps.location.markers !== undefined) {
      this.setState({
        center: nextProps.location.center,
        markers: nextProps.location.markers
      });
    }
  }

  componentDidUpdate() {
    if (document.getElementsByClassName('pac-container').length &gt; 0) {
      const gmapSearchResultsBox = document.getElementsByClassName('pac-container')[0];
      gmapSearchResultsBox.style.zIndex = '2000';
    }
  }
  componentWillUnmount() {
    this.isUnmounted = true;
  }

  isUnmounted = false;

 handleMapMounted = this.handleMapMounted.bind(this);
 handleBoundsChanged = this.handleBoundsChanged.bind(this);
 handleSearchBoxMounted = this.handleSearchBoxMounted.bind(this);
 handlePlacesChanged = this.handlePlacesChanged.bind(this);
 handleMarkerClose = this.handleMarkerClose.bind(this);
 handleMarkerClick = this.handleMarkerClick.bind(this);

 handleMapMounted(map) {
     this._map = map;
   }

   handleBoundsChanged() {
     this.setState({
       bounds: this._map.getBounds(),
       center: this._map.getCenter(),
     });
   }

   handleSearchBoxMounted(searchBox) {
     this._searchBox = searchBox;
   }
   handleLoadPlaces(markers) {

   }
   handlePlacesChanged() {
     const places = this._searchBox.getPlaces();

     // Add a marker for each place returned from search bar
     const markers = places.map(place =&gt; ({
       position: place.geometry.location,
     }));

     // Set markers; set map center to first search result
     const mapCenter = markers.length &gt; 0 ? markers[0].position : this.state.center;
     this.setState({
       center: mapCenter,
       markers,
     });
     this.props.handleLocationChange(mapCenter, places);
   }

   // Toggle to 'true' to show InfoWindow and re-renders component
  handleMarkerClick(targetMarker) {
    this.setState({
      markers: this.state.markers.map(marker =&gt; {
        if (marker === targetMarker) {
          if (marker.showInfo) {
            return {
              ...marker,
              showInfo: false,
            };
          }
          return {
            ...marker,
            showInfo: true,
          };
        }
        return marker;
      }),
    });
  }

  handleMarkerClose(targetMarker) {
    this.setState({
      markers: this.state.markers.map(marker =&gt; {
        if (marker === targetMarker) {
          return {
            ...marker,
            showInfo: false,
          };
        }
        return marker;
      }),
    });
  }

  render() {
    return (
      &lt;GoogleMapComponent
        containerElement={
          &lt;div style={{ height: '100%' }} /&gt;
        }
        mapElement={
          &lt;div style={{ height: '100%' }} /&gt;
        }
        center={this.state.center}
        onMapMounted={this.handleMapMounted}
        onBoundsChanged={this.handleBoundsChanged}
        onSearchBoxMounted={this.handleSearchBoxMounted}
        bounds={this.state.bounds}
        onPlacesChanged={this.handlePlacesChanged}
        onMarkerClick={this.handleMarkerClick}
        onMarkerClose={this.handleMarkerClose}
        markers={this.state.markers}
      /&gt;
    );
  }
}

 function mapDispatchToProps(dispatch) {
   return bindActionCreators({ }, dispatch);
 }

export default connect(null, mapDispatchToProps)(GoogleMapHandlerComponent);

 

3. Create Google Map Component, this component uses the components of react-google-maps module

'use strict';

import React from 'react';
import IconButton from 'material-ui/IconButton';

import {
  withGoogleMap,
  GoogleMap,
  Circle,
  InfoWindow,
  Marker
} from 'react-google-maps';

import SearchBox from 'react-google-maps/lib/places/SearchBox';
import GoogleMapMarkerInfoWindow from './gMapMarkerInfoWindow';

import layoutStyle from '../../../constants/layoutStyle';

const INPUT_STYLE = {
  boxSizing: 'border-box',
  MozBoxSizing: 'border-box',
  border: '1px solid transparent',
  width: '240px',
  height: '32px',
  marginTop: '27px',
  marginRight: '20px',
  padding: '0 12px',
  borderRadius: '1px',
  boxShadow: '0 2px 6px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.3)',
  fontSize: '14px',
  outline: 'none',
  textOverflow: 'ellipses',
};

const GoogleMapComponent = withGoogleMap(props =&gt; (
  &lt;GoogleMap
    ref={props.onMapMounted}
    defaultZoom={15}
    center={props.center}
    onBoundsChanged={props.onBoundsChanged}
  &gt;
    &lt;SearchBox
      ref={props.onSearchBoxMounted}
      bounds={props.bounds}
      controlPosition={google.maps.ControlPosition.TOP_RIGHT}
      onPlacesChanged={props.onPlacesChanged}
      inputPlaceholder='Search Location'
      inputStyle={INPUT_STYLE}
    /&gt;

    {props.markers.map((marker, index) =&gt; (
      &lt;Marker
        key={index}
        position={marker.position}
        onClick={() =&gt; props.onMarkerClick(marker)}
      &gt;
        {/*
           Show info window only if the 'showInfo' key of the marker is true.
           That is, when the Marker pin has been clicked and 'onCloseClick' has been
           Successfully fired.
        */}
        {marker.showInfo &amp;&amp; (marker.pinOnly === null ||
        marker.pinOnly === undefined || !marker.pinOnly) &amp;&amp; (
          &lt;InfoWindow onCloseClick={() =&gt; props.onMarkerClose(marker)}&gt;
            &lt;GoogleMapMarkerInfoWindow infoContent={marker.infoContent} /&gt;
          &lt;/InfoWindow&gt;
        )}
      &lt;/Marker&gt;
    ))}

    {props.center &amp;&amp; (
      &lt;Circle
        center={props.center}
        radius={props.radius}
        options={{
          fillColor: 'red',
          fillOpacity: 0.20,
          strokeColor: 'red',
          strokeOpacity: 1,
          strokeWeight: 1,
        }}
      /&gt;
    )}
  &lt;/GoogleMap&gt;
));

export default GoogleMapComponent;


4. Use Google Map Handler component whereever you wish to place the map

render() {
      const handleLocationChange = this.handleLocationChange;
      const mapsComponent = (
        &lt;GoogleMapHandlerComponent
          location={this.props.location}
          handleLocationChange={handleLocationChange.bind(this)}
        /&gt;);
      return (
        &lt;div
          id='mapId'
          style={{ width: '450px', height: '350px' }}
        &gt;
          {mapsComponent}
        &lt;/div&gt;
      );
    }

Note you have to pass your current location to land user on his current location, else any other location which is default location.
and a callback for handling change in location.

ReactJS google map location change callback will be called by react-google-maps library when there is change in location,
like user searched some location

Also check stateless react components : http://knowledge-cess.com/reactjs-functional-or-stateless-components/