Sanskrita Vyakarana : separation, distinction,analysis, explanation
Sanskrit is called as a perfect language, an unambiguous language and hence NASA preferred it for Artificial Intelligence. But why so ? How it is different from any other language in the world? Why it is called as a most scientific language? What is so unique in sanskrit language ?
To answer all the above questions, we have to really look into the vyakarana in sanskrit. Though I don’t have enough knowledge in sanskrit, I am writing these articles after exploring a little bit about sanskrit with the help of few online courses of sanskrit ( Vyoma Linguistic Labs : Learn Sanskrit From home )
Vyakarana in Sanskrit:
In english if I say ‘Read‘ it is a just a word and you can not give any more explanation for that, is there any logic behind formation of this word ? Is there any explanation for the word ‘Read‘ or ‘Reading‘ ? Definitely we don’t have any answer for this question.
In sanskrit there is nothing which has no explanation, there is a logic behind formation of each and every word. Let me take simple example
- There is a word ‘पठति‘ in sanskrit, which means ‘Read‘ but as I said above for every word there is an explanation, let us see how this word formed
पठति = पठ् + अ + ति
पठ् – धातुः [अर्थं निर्दिशति]
अ – विकरण–प्रत्ययः [गणं निर्दिशति]
ति – तिङ्–प्रत्ययः [लकारं निर्दिशति] |
2. भ्वादिः (प्रथमः गणः = भू इत्यादयः धातवः; “भवति” इत्यादीनि क्रियापदानि) | यस्य गणस्य आदौ भू-धातुः अस्ति, सः भ्वादि–गणः |
विकरण प्रत्ययः शप् → अ
उदा— खाद् (खादति), पठ् (पठति), क्रीड् (क्रीडति), वद् (वदति); शुच् (शोचति), वृत् (वर्तते); जि (जयति), स्रु (स्रवति), हृ (हरति)
Hope these simple examples help us to understand how rich the sanskrit language is. All I am trying to tell here is learn sanskrit, we have plenty of online courses, videos, mobile applications but I prefer the following pointers because these mobile apps for sanskrit are really very nice.
Online tutorials For Learning Sanskrit
Sanskrit Learning Online Courses : http://www.sanskritfromhome.in/
Sanskrit Learning YouTube Videos : https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCp5mvCwXR-drTRyzNUUjdZg
Sanskrit Learning Android Mobile Applications : https://play.google.com/store/apps/developer?id=Vyoma_labs&hl=en
For CBSC Students : www.cbsesanskrit.com
Read More about Sanskrit : Interesting Facts About Sanskrit